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Pilot Licences

Pilots can be categorised into private pilots and professional pilots. The former shall hold a Private Pilot's Licence (PPL) while the latter shall hold either a Commercial Pilot's Licence (CPL) or an Airline Transport Pilot's Licence (ATPL). The following specify the requirements for obtaining a Hong Kong PPL.

Private Pilot Licence

Introduction

1.1     The Air Navigation (Hong Kong) Order 1995 (AN(HK)O), as amended, allows Hong Kong flight crew licences, ratings and medical certificates to be issued subject to the requirements set out by the Director-General of Civil Aviation (DGCA). Such requirements are specified in detail in the 'CAD 54 - Requirements Document : Pilot Licences and Associated Ratings'.

1.2      Staff of the Personnel Licensing (PEL) Office, Civil Aviation Department (CAD) act on behalf of the DGCA in the processing of applications for and issuance of licences.

1.3      This pamphlet serves as an introduction to the general requirements for the issue of a Hong Kong Private Pilot's Licence (PPL). It is important to remember, however, that this document is intended as a guide only. It must not be taken as qualifying in any way the effect of the AN(HK)O and/or CAD 54.

Requirements to obtain a PPL

2.1     Minimum Age - 17 years old

2.2     Medical Requirements - A valid Hong Kong Class 2 medical certificate

2.3     Flying Experience Requirements for Applying Licences and Ratings2.3.1  PPL

  PPL (Aeroplane) PPL(Helicopter)
Minimum 40 hours 40 hours

2.3.2  Instrument Rating (IR)

  IR (Aeroplane) IR (Helicopter)
Normal Minimum 250 hours 200 hours
Minimum when the applicant has completed an integrated course of flight and ground training approved by CAD 200 hours  

2.3.3  For recording and crediting of flight time Part 1 Appendix C of CAD 54 should be referred to.

2.3.4  Detailed flying hours requirements for each licence and rating mentioned above can be found in the relevant chapters in Part 2 of CAD 54.

Ground Examinations

2.4.1  An applicant for a PPL is required to pass the following ground examinations, as appropriate:

Navigation
Meteorology
Aircraft (General)
Aircraft (Type)
Human Performance
Radio Telephony
* for aeroplane: Aviation Law, Flight Rules and Procedures (Aeroplane)
* for helicopter: Aviation Law, Flight Rules and Procedures (Helicopter)

2.4.2  The syllabuses for the PPL ground examinations are given in Part 2 Appendix A (for aeroplane) and Appendix C (for helicopter) of CAD 54.

2.4.3  The validity period for a pass in each examination is 12 months commencing from the end of the month in which the examination was passed.

2.4.4  For the conversion of a foreign PPL to a Hong Kong PPL, exemptions from examinations may be granted on the basis of previous examination results. Exemption details are stated in Part 2 Chapter 1 (for aeroplane) and Chapter 2 (for helicopter) of CAD 54.

2.5     PPL Flight Test

2.5.1  An applicant for a PPL is required to pass a flight test conducted by a CAD authorised PPL examiner, which comprises an assessment of his preparation for flight and procedures for pre-takeoff and various flight phases.

2.5.2  The syllabus for the PPL flight test is given in Part 2 Appendix B (for aeroplane) and Appendix D (for helicopter) of CAD 54.

2.6     Aircraft Rating (AR)

2.6.1  The AR enables the licence holder to act as pilot-in-command (PIC) of the types of aircraft contained in the AR page of the licence. For aeroplane, subject to the AR flight test results, the following groups may be endorsed in the AR page:

a. Group A - AR which entitles the holder to act as PIC of all single-engine aeroplanes not exceeding 5,700 kg Maximum Total Weight Authorised (MTWA).

b. Group B - AR which entitles the holder to act as PIC of all multi-engine aeroplanes not exceeding 5,700 kg MTWA.

2.7     Instrument Rating (IR)

2.7.1  Applicant for an IR is normally required to have passed the Navigation Group examinations at Commercial Pilot's Licence (CPL) level and meet the flying experience requirements mentioned in paragraph 2.3.2 above.

2.7.2  An IR flight test is required for the initial and renewal issue of IR. The test will comprise:

Section 1: flight procedures
Section 2: take-off and climb
Section 3: en-route
Section 4: holding
Section 5: instrument and missed approaches.

2.7.4  Further requirements are specified in Part 3 Chapter 10 of the CAD 54.

Application Procedures

3.1     An application for the issue of a PPL should be lodged with the PEL Office and include the following documents:-

a.   personal flying logbook
b.   medical certificate
c.   form DCA 528PPL
d.   one recent full faced photograph size 25mm x 30mm
e.   proof of identity documents
f.    qualifying cross-country certificate (if applicable)
g.   foreign licence (if applicable)
h.   prescribed fees

Contact

4.1 For application or enquiry, you can write to:

Personnel Licensing Office
Flight Standards and Airworthiness Division
Civil Aviation Department
1 Tung Fai Road
Hong Kong International Airport
Lantau, Hong Kong

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Professional Pilot Licence

Introduction

1.1     The Air Navigation (Hong Kong) Order 1995 (AN(HK)O), as amended, allows Hong Kong flight crew licences, ratings and medical certificates to be issued subject to the requirements set out by the Director-General of Civil Aviation (DGCA). Such requirements are specified in detail in the 'CAD 54 - Requirements Document : Pilot Licences and Associated Ratings'.

1.2     Staff of the Personnel Licensing (PEL) Office, Civil Aviation Department (CAD) act on behalf of the DGCA in the processing of applications for and issuance of licences.

1.3     This pamphlet serves as an introduction to the general requirements for the issue of a Hong Kong professional pilot's licence. It is important to remember, however, that this document is intended as a guide only. It must not be taken as qualifying in any way the effect of the AN(HK)O and/or CAD 54.

Requirements to obtain a Professional Pilot's Licence

2.1 Minimum Age

  • Commercial Pilot's Licence (CPL) - 18 years old;
  • Air Transport Pilot's Licence (ATPL) - 21 years old

2.2     Medical Requirements - A valid Hong Kong Class 1 medical certificate

2.3     Flying Experience Requirements for Applying Licences and Ratings

2.3.1  CPL

  CPL (Aeroplane) CPL(Helicopter)
Normal Minimum 250 hours 185 hours
Minimum when the applicant has completed an integrated course of flight and ground training approved / accepted by CAD 200 hours 135 hours

2.3.2  ATPL

   ATPL (Aeroplane)  ATPL(Helicopter)
 Normal Minimum  1,500 hours  1,200 hours
 Minimum on conversion terms  2,800 hours  1,200 hours

2.3.3  Instrument Rating (IR)

  IR (Aeroplane) IR (Helicopter)
Normal Minimum 250 hours 200 hours
Minimum when the applicant has completed an integrated course of flight and ground training approved by CAD 200 hours  

2.3.4  For recording and crediting of flight time Part 1 Appendix C of CAD 54 should be referred to.

2.3.5  Detailed flying hours requirements for each licence and rating mentioned above can be found in the relevant chapters in Part 3 of CAD 54.

Ground Examinations

2.4.1  An applicant for a professional pilot's licence is required to pass the following ground examinations at CPL or ATPL level as appropriate:-

Group 1 (Navigation)

  • Flight Planning and Flight Monitoring
  • Navigation
  • Instruments
  • Meteorology Theory
  • Meteorology Practical
  • Radio Aids
  • Human Performance
  • Signals
  • Radio Telephony
  • * for aeroplane: Aviation Law (Aeroplane), [two papers]
  • * for helicopter: Aviation Law (Helicopter), [two papers]

Group 2 (Technical)

  • Engines
  • Electric and Automatic Flight
  • Loading
  • * for aeroplane:
      - Principle of Flight (Aeroplane)
      - Airframe Systems (Aeroplane)
      - Either Aircraft Technical and Flight Performance for aircraft whose MTWA exceeds 5,700 kg; or Aircraft Type Technical and the appropriate performance group examination for aircraft whose MTWA does not exceed 5,700 kg.
  • * for helicopter:
      - Principle of Flight (Helicopter)
      - Airframe Systems (Helicopter)
      - Aircraft (Type)

2.4.2  The syllabuses for the professional pilot's licence ground examinations are given in Part 3 Appendices A (for aeroplane) and B (for helicopter) of CAD 54.

2.4.3  The validity period of the results of the ground examinations of the respective group for licence issue is normally 12 months from the date of achieving a full pass. However, where the applicant is the holder of a Hong Kong CPL(A) the validity period of the results of the ATPL (A) ground examination is 7 years from the end of the year of the last validity date of either the Aircraft Rating of a multi-engined aeroplane or the Instrument Rating corresponding to that particular type, whichever is earlier.

2.4.4  For the conversion of a foreign professional pilot's licence to a Hong Kong licence, exemptions from examinations may be granted either on the basis of flight experience or on previous examination results. Exemption details are stated in Part 3 Chapter 3 (for aeroplane) and Chapter 6 (for helicopter) of CAD 54.

General Flight Test (GFT)

2.5.1  An applicant for a professional pilot's licence is required to pass a GFT conducted by a CAD authorised flight examiner, which comprises an assessment of his preparation for flight, pre take-off procedures and four flight sections as follows:

Section 1: cross-country flight
Section 2: basic aircraft handling
Section 3: instrument flying
Section 4: night flying

2.5.2  The syllabus for the GFT is given in Part 3 Appendix D of CAD 54.

2.5.3  The holder of a foreign professional pilot's licence seeking a Hong Kong licence will normally be exempt from all sections of the GFT.

Aircraft Rating (AR) Flight Test

2.6.1  A professional pilot's licence will not be issued unless the applicant has qualified for inclusion in the AR page of the licence in Part 1 as Pilot-In-Command (PIC) of at least one aircraft type.

2.6.2  In the case of an ATPL(A) the applicant must qualify for inclusion in the AR page of his licence in Part 1 a multi-engined aircraft type which:

a.   is currently registered in Hong Kong; and

b.   is required to be operated by not less than two pilots.

2.6.3  A P2X rating (cruise relief pilot) will only be issued in respect of an aircraft which is certificated for two pilot operation and in a licence that has an AR endorsed in Part 1.

Instrument Rating (IR) Flight Test

2.7.1  Applicant for an IR should meet the flying experience requirements mentioned in paragraph 2.3.3 above.

2.7.2  The test will comprise:

Section 1: flight procedures
Section 2: take-off and climb
Section 3: en-route
Section 4: holding
Section 5: instrument and missed approaches.

2.7.3  Further requirements are specified in Part 3 Chapter 10 of the CAD 54.


Application Procedures

3.1    The applicant must submit Form DCA 605 (and DCA 218 if apply on the basis of a foreign professional pilot's licence) together with all required evidence of his identity, experience and qualifications in support of his application.

3.2.    After assessing the applicant's experience and qualifications, conversion terms will be issued. Licence will be granted only if all the conditions in the conversion terms are fulfilled.

3.3    An application for professional pilot's licence will not be processed normally until the applicant can show evidence of a genuine requirement to hold a Hong Kong professional pilot's licence and exercise the privileges of the licence on a Hong Kong registered aircraft.


Contact

4.1    For application or enquiry, you can write to:

Personnel Licensing Office
Flight Standards and Airworthiness Division
Civil Aviation Department
1 Tung Fai Road
Hong Kong International Airport
Lantau, Hong Kong